Speaking to Dezeen from her home in Pakistan, Lari said she hopes her Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Royal Gold Medal win, announced today, can encourage other architects to use their skills to alleviate crises such as climate change.
“The future of the planet is in our hands,” Lari told Dezeen. “Architects have a very important role to play and we cannot design just to please our clients anymore or just to please ourselves.”
“The planet is far bigger and far more important than any one of us. When we design, we really have to be feeling the Earth in some way, we cannot continue to inflict damage on it.”
Lari becomes the sixth woman and second sole female to ever win the prestigious accolade, presented by King Charles III this year for the first time.
The selection committee praised Lari for her “focus on architecture as a complete and vital social, cultural, economic and aesthetic model”.
“An architect’s role should be more of an activist”
Lari is best known for what she calls “barefoot social architecture”, which focuses on improving the lives of disadvantaged communities through low-cost, low-carbon, zero-waste materials and building technologies.
She believes the award reflects a positive change in attitude towards this humanitarian brand of architecture, which people originally thought she was “a bit crazy” for pursuing.
“I never even imagined that what I was doing, which is so different and wasn’t taken very seriously, would be considered as a legitimate way for an architect to be doing things,” she explained.
Lari spent much of her career designing large buildings for major corporate clients as part of her own studio before retiring in 2000 to specialise in humanitarian work.
She explained that this decision was partly down to wanting a change from designing big projects that were all “aiming for the same thing – just to impress everybody”.
“I think it’s a fallacy to think that you can’t do without concrete and steel,” said Lari.
“We’ve got to rethink how we want to build,” she continued. “I can imagine not everybody will want to use earth or bamboo, but lime can be used by many.”
Lime, a material found in much of Lari’s work, was commonly used by the Romans as an ingredient in concrete and is capable of continually absorbing carbon from the atmosphere.
“Architects are not looking at [alternative materials] because none of these commercial companies giving you all those leaflets [are manufacturing them],” she said.
“Unfortunately, we are very lazy,” she continued. “We just want to look at something and just have it ready for us. We have to now organise ourselves for the ones who really care.”
“Level playing field” for women still needed
Aside from her work in humanitarian architecture, Lari is also well-known as Pakistan’s first female architect.
She believes that her RIBA Royal Gold Medal win today is a reflection of improvements in the industry’s gender balance and acknowledgement of the value of women in architecture.
“I think it’s a very brave decision that RIBA, and all the people instrumental in making this decision, have made,” she said.
“I think there is a realisation that women have a role to play, that there is something of value that they can also offer,” she added. “Women can make a contribution that may be different from what men can do.”
In her home country of Pakistan, she said, this is particularly evident.
“In Pakistan there are many female architects now who are doing extremely well,” she explained. “So I think the gender bias, perhaps at the professional level, is not so evident.”
Source: Dezeen Jobs